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Lesson Notes


  • dress: рокля
  • shirt: риза
  • t-shirt: тениска
  • shoes: обувки
  • pants/trousers: панталон
  • sock: чорап
  • belt: колан
  • coat: палто
  • jacket: яке
  • hat: шапка
  • glasses: очила
  • underwear: бельо
  • skirt: пола
  • pullover: пуловер
  • clothes: дрехи
  • suit: костюм

There are no surprises in the grammatical genders of these words.

Like in English, the words for shoes (обувки), glasses (очила) and clothes (дрехи) are usually used in their plural forms, and the word for underwear (бельо) is uncountable.

Unlike in English, the word for (one pair of) pants is singular: панталон. The plural панталони can be used informally for one pair of pants, but usually means more.

The word чифт (a masculine noun) can be used to refer to a pair:

"Харесвам панталона ти" - I like your (pair of) pants
"Харесвам очилата ти" - I like your glasses
"Един чифт очила" - One pair of glasses
"Един чифт бельо" - One pair of underwear

To wear

The verb "to wear" is нося, a regular verb of the 2nd conjugation group (-и).

"Не нося чорапи" - I'm not wearing socks
"Тя носи рокля" - She's wearing a dress

Demonstrative adjectives

In this lesson you will also practice the use of demonstrative adjectives. You already know това, which is the neuter form of this. There is also a masculine, feminine and plural form.

The English word this can be a demonstrative pronoun or a demonstrative adjective. It is a pronoun when it is used as a substitute for a noun or a noun phrase. In particular, this is the case in sentences with expressions such as "this is", "these are", "is this?" and "are these?".

As you have already seen, you always use the neuter form това in those sentences (това is not inflected to agree with the gender and number of the noun):

"Какво е това?" - What is this?
"Това е котката ми" - This is my cat
"Това са котките ми" - These are my cats

In contrast, това needs to be inflected when it is used as a demonstrative adjective. This is the case when it directly qualifies a noun, in expressions such as "this cat", or "these cats":

"Тази котка е черна" - This cat is black
"Тези котки са черни" - These cats are black

Here are all the inflections:

"Този колан" - This belt (masculine)
"Тази рокля" - This dress (feminine)
"Това яке" - This jacket (neuter)
"Тези обувки" - These shoes (plural)


Exercise 1

рокля, тениска, панталон, обувки


Exercise 2

шапка, палто, очила, яке


Exercise 3

пола, риза, колан, пуловер


Exercise 4

дрехи, костюм, чорап, бельо