Body

Completed : 0 / 3

Lesson Notes

Vocabulary

  • mouth: уста
  • nose: нос
  • tongue: език
  • tooth: зъб
  • ear: ухо
  • eye: око
  • face: лице
  • head: глава
  • neck: врат, шия
  • arm: ръка
  • shoulder: рамо
  • chest: гръден кош
  • back: гръб
  • finger: пръст
  • foot: ходило
  • hair: коса
  • hand: ръка
  • heart: сърце
  • leg: крак
  • lip: устна

The expression for "chest" is made of an adjective (гръден, from "гръд" - breast, bosom) and a noun ("кош" - basket, crate). Therefore, the definite article goes on the adjective:

"гръдният кош" - the chest.

The word for tongue (език) can also mean "language":

"Колко езици говориш?" - How many languages do you speak?

"Врат" and "шия" can be used interchangeably.

The same word "ръка" is used for "arm" and "hand", and the word for leg, "крак", is also frequently used to mean "foot".

Irregularities

The following plurals are irregular:

  • tooth: зъб ➜ зъби
  • ear: ухо ➜ уши
  • eye: око ➜ очи
  • face: лице ➜ лица
  • shoulder: рамо ➜ рамене
  • finger: пръст ➜ пръсти
  • hand: ръка ➜ ръце
  • heart: сърце ➜ сърца
  • leg: крак ➜ крака

Note that for гръб (back), the p and ъ are inverted in all plural and definite forms:
Plural: гърбове, definite: гърбът.

Expressions

With body parts, it is useful to know how to express pain:

"Боли ме гърбът" - My back hurts
"Болят ме раменете" - My shoulders hurt
"Имам болки* в гръдния си кош" - I'm having chest pains

* In Bulgarian "болки" would be generally plural in this case, but it can be also used in singular form (болка).

Note that in Bulgarian, it is often more natural to omit the possessive pronouns when it's obvious who the body parts belong to:

"Той яде с ръце" - He is eating with his hands

Here are also a few verbs about senses, that will be helpful for the exercises:

  • to see: виждам (imp.), видя (-и) (per.)
  • to hear: слушам
  • to smell: мириша (-e)
  • to taste: oпитвам (imp.), опитам (per.)
  • to touch: докосвам (imp.), докосна (-е) (per.)

Exercises

Exercise 1

ръка, крак, гръб, ухо, лице, зъб

Start

Exercise 2

ръка, пръст, гръден кош, ходило, шия, око, устни

Start

Exercise 3

глава, сърце, нос, уста, рамо, език

Start
2018-11-23T14:04:35.1173765Z