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Lesson Notes


In this lesson you will learn the Bulgarian words for a few animals. You will learn them one by one in the exercises but here they all are:

  • bird: птица
  • fish: риба
  • mouse: мишка
  • snake: змия
  • animal: животно
  • cow: крава
  • goat: коза
  • horse: кон
  • pig: прасе
  • elephant: слон
  • duck: патица
  • lion: лъв
  • monkey: маймуна
  • rabbit: заек
  • spider: паяк
  • tail: опашка
  • wing: крило


Most of these words have regular plurals and definite forms. However, here are a couple of exceptions:

Животно (animal) - plural: животни, definite plural: животните.

Кон (horse) has an irregular plural: коне (like мъж/мъже). It also has an irregular definite form: конят when it's the subject of the sentence, and коня when it's the object.

There are quite a few masculine words that use the -ят/-я definite article. We'll point them out throughout the course. Here's one word that you've seen before: ден (day), денят/деня (the day).

Заек (rabbit) - plural: зайци.

It is in fact a general rule that masculine words ending in -к have a plural in -ци.
The plural of паяк (spider) is паяци. However, the к remains in the numeral plural: два паяка.

A note about generalizing statements

In the exercises of this lesson you will find a few sentences that are generalizing statements.

To sound natural in Bulgarian, you should use definite forms for subjects and non-definite forms for objects when making generalizing statements. For example, "women like cats" would translate as "жените харесват котки".

Note how the subject has the -те definite article, but the object doesn't.

However, if you had a house full of people and animals and you wanted to say that the women of this particular group like these particular cats, it would be correct to say: "жените харесват котките" (the women like the cats).


Exercise 1

мишка, птица, риба, змия, животно, вода


Exercise 2

крава, коза, кон, прасе


Exercise 3

лъв, маймуна, патица, слон, яде


Exercise 4

заек, крило, опашка, паяк