Adverbs

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Lesson Notes

Vocabulary

You have already seen a few adverbs, such as много (very), повече (more) and само (only). In this lesson you will learn the following new adverbs:

  • near, close: близо
  • far: далече
  • now: сега
  • never: никога
  • ever: някога
  • often: често
  • well: добре
  • maybe: може би
  • enough: достатъчно
  • about, around: около
  • less: по-малко
  • already: вече
  • usually, generally: обикновено

Adverbs vs adjectives

Often, but not always, the adverb will be the same as the neuter form of the adjective (when there is one). For example:

"Кучето е бързо" - The dog is fast (adjective)
"Тя говори бързо" - She talks fast (adverb)

Adjectives have to agree with the gender and plural of the noun they qualify (so, "The cat is fast" would be "Котката е бърза") but adverbs are invariable: they never change.

Here's an example of an adverb that is different from the adjective:

"Живея в далечно село" - I live in a faraway village (adjective)
"Далече ли е?" - Is it far? (adverb)

Note how in English the two words are also different: faraway for the adjective, and far for the adverb.

Similarly, добро is the neuter form of good, while добре is the adverb meaning well ("добре" is also often used to mean « OK »).

Some adverbs do not have a matching adjective at all, such as сега (now), никога (never), etc.:

"Къде си сега?" - Where are you now?
"Никога не* нося очилата си" - I never wear my glasses

* Note how when using an adverb that negates the meaning of a sentence, like никога (never), you have to keep the не particle (double negation).

Exercises

Exercise 1

близо, далече, сега, никога, някога

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Exercise 2

често, добре, може би, достатъчно

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Exercise 3

около, по-малко, вече, обикновено

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2018-08-16T19:36:45.0902191Z